Texas County Sheriff

What is a Sheriff?


The sheriff acts as a conservator of the peace and the executive officer of the county and district courts, serve writs and processes of the courts, seizes property after judgment, enforce traffic laws on county roads and supervises the county jail and prisoners. In counties of fewer than 10,000 residents, he may also serve as ex officio tax assessor and collector.

What Does a Sheriff Do in Texas?


A sheriff in Texas has the following duties:

  • Serves as a licensed peace officer and is responsible for enforcing the criminal laws of the state

  • Manages and operates the county jail

  • Provides security for the courts

  • Serves warrants and civil papers

  • Regulates bail bondsmen in counties with no bail bond board

For more complete information about the responsibilities of a constable and other county officials, see the "2018 Guide to Texas Laws for County Officials.​"

Please note: Some duties performed by officials may vary within individual counties.

For more information including training go to:

Texas Association of Counties

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